Identification of best approaches for water supply and storage for smale-scale dry season irrigation, Kayin State, Myanmar
As part of the project ?Value Chain Development and Financial Inclusion for Inclusive Growth Project? implemented by World Vision Myanmar, IWMI will support improved access to water during the dry season by designing storage systems suited to local conditions of water resource availability and customary practices. Targeted sites include 20 villages in Hpa An and Hlaingbwe townships. Designed facilities should provide sufficient water amount for the first 3 months of the dry season to enable irrigation of small production plots (about 2 to 4 acres per farmer). Proposed water storage structures will be designed to minimize investment and operation costs. Optimal sizing (minimizing both cost and risk of water shortage) will be defined through water balance modelling accounting for water supply and demand. Structures will be designed according to local biophysical conditions (e.g. topography, land cover, soils, rainfall patterns) and community arrangements, for individual or collective uses by small groups of farmers. Local customs and gender aspects will be accounted to maximize the likelihood of long-term use by communities. This approach will facilitate replication in other villages within the townships.