Two assessments were conducted on drought and salinity intrusion in Vietnam. The assessments were conducted through field visits in April 2016, and involved researchers from the International Water Management Institute (IWMI), International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT), International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF), WorldFish, Bioversity International, and the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS).
Key results of the two assessments – The drought crisis in the Central Highlands of Vietnam and The drought and salinity intrusion in the Mekong River Delta of Vietnam – were presented at the consultation workshop on ‘Building a resilience-based approach to recovery from El-Niño and La Niña in Vietnam’ on July 8, 2016, in Hanoi, Vietnam. The workshop was organized by the Vietnamese Central Committee for Disaster Prevention and Control, and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), and was chaired by the Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development, and the United Nations Resident Coordinator. About 80 participants representing line ministries at central and provincial levels, United Nations agencies, donor organizations and research institutes attended the workshop. The objectives of the workshop were to share information on drought-related recovery needs, damage and loss, and coordinate drought-related activities and plans with development partners.
At the workshop, representatives from CGIAR presented medium- and long-term recommendations for increasing the adaptive capacities and resilience of communities. These include (i) enhancing the early warning systems for farmers; (ii) managing the scarce water resources (groundwater and surface water) effectively and efficiently; (iii) developing appropriate policies to encourage diversification of agricultural systems, including innovative financing mechanisms to support smallholders; and (iv) watershed management – ‘plant the right trees in the right places’ to enhance watershed functions. The concept of climate-smart villages (CSVs) with improved stakeholder interactions in climate-smart agriculture (CSA) was also proposed as a means of dealing with drought and salinity risks.
The workshop reached a consensus in problem solving on (i) evaluating the crisis, main target of recovery actions, and vulnerable groups in the Central Highlands, South Central Coast and the Mekong River Delta; and (ii) the solutions and action plans on information and early warning systems, early recovery, and disaster and climate resilience building.